Periods -also known as menstruation (menses), is an important part of woman’s reproductive health. It is a key process that regulates the reproductive cycle.

Menstruation is the discharge of blood and mucosal tissue from inner lining of a woman’s uterus through her vagina. The woman body is constantly preparing for birth and when it doesn’t happen, it discharges all its “preparations” through what we know as period, and restart the whole cycle again.

During the preparation for birth, the body develops nutrient-rich lining (endometrium) in a woman’s uterus that help cushion and nourish a developing fetus should pregnancy happen. This is the same lining that sheds off during period if pregnancy fails to happen.

Periods can be physically and emotionally traumatizing because off all the hormonal changes that happen. Most women experience some of this uncomfortable symptoms;

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Backaches
  • Headaches
  • Breast tenderness
  • Mood swings
  • Bloating
  • Tiredness
  • Acne breakouts


When do menstruations period start?
Puberty and menstruation period are determined by genetics and hormones. Different girls have different development but generally periods come as from the age of 11-17 years.

How long should menstruation period last?
Normal menstruation period can last from 1-7days, although for most women with regular menstrual cycle, their period last an average of 3-5days.
There is nothing to worry about if your period is a couple of days longer or shorter than the average 3-5days.
It is important to see a doctor if your bleeding is heavy and is lasting more than 7days.

How should one prepare for menstruation period?
It is very important to first know the expected date of your next period. A few days before your next expected period, you should get the necessary supplies because sometimes depending on different factors your period can come a few days early. You need to be well stocked with pads, tampons or menstrual cups, depending on how long and how heavy your period is. Pads and tampons come in different sizes with light or slim for lighter periods and heavy or super for heavier blood flow.

It is advisable not to use scented menstrual products because they can irritate your skin and vagina.

How can you ease period pain?
During shedding of the uterine walls, some women experience abdominal cramping which on others is sometimes severe. You can use some of this ways to ease the pain.

Appy heat– you can buy heating pads or use hot water in a bottle and hold over your abdomen.

Cinnamon tea– Cinnamon tea reduces the severity of the muscle spams that cause the pain.

Warm water– just like when you appy heat, sipping warm water helps reduce the cramping.

Ginger– ginger reduces the levels of prostaglandins. It is also a energy booster so it helps fight the fatigue during periods.

Painkillers– over the counter pain medications are available and are very effective and work on very fast.

What is an irregular period?
Menstrual cycle are considered irregular when they fall outside the ‘normal’ range. An irregular menstrual cycle is one that shorter than 21 days or longer than 35 days. An irregular menstrual cycle is a sign of irregular ovulation. You may ovulate every month or you may ovulate at different times from month to month.

Calculate ovulation

First day of your last period

Length of your cycle

Calculate your next period.

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